Applying Persuasion to Email Creative
Persuasion Architecture, developed by conversion optimization gurus Bryan and Jeffrey Eisenberg, is a persona-based approach to marketing. If you know a customer's "buying modality" (Competitive, Spontaneous, Methodical or Humanistic), you can tailor your design, copy and direct marketing to best persuade that type of personality.
It would be ideal to segment an email list by personality type. You can apply segmentation rules to on-site behavior, such as what the customer chooses to sort category results by. For example, if a customer chooses to see the newest or most expensive items first, he or she may be a "Competitive." If the customer is logged in with an account, you may flag that customer as "Competitive" and send future promotional emails for the category accordingly.
Sometimes you simply have no information on a customer's intent or personality type. Okay, let's be honest - it's most of the time. Is there a "shotgun" method to marketing that might cover the 4 buying modalities? Crutchfield shows you it's possible:
Let's look at how this email campaign appeals to each personality type:
- Like to be the first to own a product - respond to new items, featured or best-sellers
- Interested in facts and summaries - without clicking
Crutchfield explains why the items are featured, identifying which is the New Arrival, the Top Seller, the Featured markdown and the Customer Favorite. Great, that saves the competitive time.
However, I think it could be a bit more persuasive. New Arrival, so what? If I'm competitive, I want to know what about owning this model will make me the coolest kid on my block - I'd like to see a special feature about it that the older stock doesn't have. I believe every pick could use a one or two bullet point summary to get more info before the click.
- Interested in what other people bought
- Respond to sales, discounts, limited stock and time-limited offers (like day-only sales)
- Respond to free overnight shipping (I can have it tomorrow!)
- Interested in “how many” reviews there are
This entire email is perfect for a spontaneous person who is more likely to make an impulse purchase than other types. To aid the decision making for the spontaneous shopper (if he or she is price sensitive or trusts top rated picks, for example) Crutchfield has made it easy to make a fast decision. Crutchfield creates excitement around the different picks, clearly showing the markdowns and star ratings.
Adding the number of reviews would help to instill trust for all buyer types (as Andy Beal reminds us in Radically Transparent, a 4.5 star rating for 300 reviews is more positive and trustworthy than a 5 star average with 2 reviews).
If Crutchfield upped the ante here and offer free overnight shipping, that would make it extra persuasive to the spontaneous.
- Like product details, very thorough in researching a purchase
- Like side-by-side product comparison to make a rational decision
- Trust expert reviews - videos are especially helpful
- May be skeptical of contests, free shipping and returns - what’s the catch? Will read the fine print every time.
The links to the buyer guides and other learning materials on the side are great for methodicals, who want to educate themselves before purchasing anything. The quick links to read reviews are great, because methodicals like me often read the majority of them.
For the product picks, classifying why a model was picked is brilliant. Methodicals lean towards skepticism, so clarifying that one was picked because of a sale vs. a new arrival vs. a customer favorite helps them trust your offers. Methodicals can also see the sale price, original price and dollar savings clearly.
Crutchfield could do even better by replacing the "Featured Product" with "Expert Pick" or "Staff Pick." "Featured" is a vague adjective. It's better to be specific about why something is featured, and there are no expert picks in this email, which methodicals would like to see.
- Cares what others have to say
- Appreciates live chat support (or telephone service)
Humanistic shoppers will appreciate the star ratings, Customer Favorite and the "Call us for One on One Advice" messaging with shiny, happy people.
All-in-all, Crutchfield's is an excellent example of selling to different types of shoppers in one email, without cluttering the creative. Hat tip to Chad White from the Retail Email Blog where I discovered this email.
And don't forget, persuasion applies to every part of your site and marketing program. Are you optimizing your customer reviews and email subject lines for different buying modalities?
For more information on Persuasion Architecture, see the Eisenberg's Waiting for Your Cat to Bark.
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